CALL Bibliography N - S Historical document

© 1997 Athelstan

Nagata, Noriko. 1993. Intelligent Computer Feedback for Second Language Instruction. The Modern Language Journal, v77 n3 p330-339 Autumn.

Naiman, N., Fröhlich, M., Stern, H., and Todesco, A. (1978). The good language learner. Research in Education Series, Report No. 7. Toronto: Ontario Institute for Studies in Education.

Nakajima, Kazuko. On developing HyperCard stacks for the study of Chinese characters: KanjiCard. CALICO Journal 16:2, 1988.

Nash, James and Lawrence Schwartz. Computers and the Writing Process. Collegiate Microcomputer 5:1, Feb. 1987.

Nass, Clifford; Steuer, Jonathan. 1993. Voices, Boxes, and Sources of Messages: Computers and Social Actors. Human Communication Research, v19 n4 p504-527 June.

Nelson, Virginia. Reviews of Idea CAT and Elephant Ears. C.A.L.L. Digest v5 n8 p1012 1989

Neufeld, Karen. When Children Use Word Processors for Writing: Some Problems and Suggestions. Reading Improvement v26 n1 p6470 Spr 1989

Neuman, S. B. and C. Cobb-Morocco. Writing with word processors for remedial students. The Computing Teacher 14, Dec./Jan. 1987/88.

Neuwirth, Christine M. Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Exploring Issues in Learning and Teaching Writing. Computers and the Humanities v23 n1 p4557 Jan 1989

Newman, Judith M. Online: From Far Away. Language Arts v66 n7 p79197 Nov 1989 Theme Issue: Teachers Learning "Good" Teaching.

Newman, Judith M. Online: Improvising with a word processor. Language Arts 64:1, Jan, 1987.

Newman, Judith M. Online: Write your own adventure. Language Arts 65:3, Mar. 1988.

Nichols, R.G. (1986). Word processing and basic writers. Journal of Basic Writing, 5, 81-97.

Norman, Rose. Computer applications for business and technical writing courses. Collegiate Microcomputer 6:2, May 1988.

Norman, Rose. Exercise exchange: "Resumex": A computer exercise for teaching resume writing. Technical Writing Teacher 15:2, Spring 1988.

Nunan, D. (1985). Content familiarity and the perception of textual relationships in second language reading. RELC Journal, 16, 43-50.

Nunan, D. (1991). Methods in second language classroom-oriented research: A critical review. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 13, 249-274.

Nurss, Joanne R. PALS Evaluation Project. Georgia State Univ., Atlanta. Center for the Study of Adult Literacy. ED313573 76 p.

Nyns, Roland R. Is Intelligent ComputerAssisted Language Learning Possible? System v17 n1 p3547 1989

Nyns, Roland R. Using a database management language to teach reading skills. Literary and Linguistic Computing 3:4, 1988.

O'Halpin, Rosemary. 1993. An Auditory and Acoustic Analysis of Contrastive Stress in Profoundly Deaf Children following Training. Child Language Teaching and Therapy, v9 n1 p45-67 Feb.

O'Malley, J., Chamot, A., Stewner-Manzanares, G., Kupper, L., and Russo, R. (1985). Learning strategies used by beginning and intermediate ESL students. Language Learning, 35, 21-46.

Oakhill, J. (1993). Children's difficulties in reading comprehension. Educational Psychology Review, 5 (3), 223-237.

Oates, W. (1981). An evaluation of computer-assisted instruction for English grammar review. Studies in Language Learning, 3, 193-200.

Obermeier, Klaus K. Natural-language processing. Byte 12:14, Dec. 1987.

Odenthal, Joanne M. 1993. The Effect of a Computer-Based Writing Program on the Attitudes and Performance of Students Acquiring English as a Second Language. Dissertation. San Diego State U, CA.

Oller, J. W. (1979). Language tests at school. London: Longman.

Olofsson, A. (1988). Phonemic awareness and the use of computer speech in reading remediation: Theoretical background. Fonetiks, 1, 15-27. Cited in Barron et al., 1992.

Olson, R. K., Foltz, G., and Wise, B. (1986). Reading instruction and remediation with the aid of computer speech. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 18, 93-99.

Omans Stuart E. and Tom George. English department turns on computers to enhance writing instruction. Academic Computing 2:4, Dec./Jan. 1987/88.

Oppenheimer, Fred E. An introduction to foreign language programming. Collegiate Microcomputer 6:2, May 1988.

Otte, George. The Deference Due the Oracle: Computerized Text Analysis in a Basic Writing Class. Journal of Basic Writing v8 n1 p4656 Spr 1989.

Otto, Sue E. K. and James P. Pusack. Calculating the cost of instructional technology: An administrator's primer. ADFL Bulletin 19:3, April 1988.

Otto, Sue E. K. The Language Laboratory in the Computer Age. In Flint Smith, Wm. Modern Technology in Foreign Language Education: Applications and Projects. 1989. Lincolnwood: NTC.

Outhred, Lynne. Word Processing: Its Impact on Children's Writing. Journal of Learning Disabilities v22 n4 p26264 Apr 1989

Owston, R. D., Murphy, S., and Wideman, H. H.. (1992). The effects of word processing on students' writing quality and revision strategies. Research in the Teaching of English, 26, 249-276.

Owston, Ronald D. 1993. Computers and the Teaching of Writing: Implications for Teacher Development. Journal of Information Technology for Teacher Education, v2 n2 p239-250 Nov.

Oxford, R. (1990). Language learning strategies--What every teacher should know. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.

Oxford, Rebecca L.; Holland, Melissa; Alosh, Mahli. 1993. Intelligent Computers for Learning Languages: The View for Language Acquisition and Instructional Methodology. Computer Assisted Language Learning, v6 n2 p173-188.

Pala, Karel; Osolsobe, Klara. 1993. Czech Stem Dictionary. Rada Jazykovedna, vA41, 51-60.

Papaioannou, Panagiotis A. 1993. Pitch-Synchronous Adaptive Transform Coding of Speech at Low Bit Rates Using Phonetic Segmentation and Dynamic Bit Allocation. Dissertation. George Washington U, Washington DC.

Papert, S. (1987). Computer criticism vs. technocentric thinking. Educational Researcher, Jan-Feb, 22-30.

Paramskas, Dana. 1993. Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL): Increasingly Integrated into an Ever More Electronic World. The Canadian Modern Language Review/La Revue canadienne des langues vivantes, v50 n1 p124-143 Oct.

Parham, Charles. Computers that talk. Classroom Computer Learning 8:6, Mar. 1988.

Parhizgar, Afsarolmolok. 1992. Evaluating the Diagnostic Component of the ENGPARS Parsing System. Dissertation. Georgetown U, Washington

Park, Y. (1994). Incorporating an interactive multimedia in an ESL classroom environment: ESL learners' interactions and learning strategies. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

Parkinson, Elaine. 1993 Computer Programs and Phonological Awareness. Child Language Teaching and Therapy, v9 n3 p255-257 Oct.

Parkinson, S., and Bladon, A. (1987). Microcomputer-assisted phonetics teaching and phonetics word-processing: A survey. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 17(2), 83-93.

Parsons, Carl L.; La Sorte, Diane. 1993. The Effect of Computers with Synthesized Speech and No Speech on the Spontaneous Communication of Children with Autism. Australian Journal of Human Communication Disorders, v21 n1 p12-31 June.

Pederson, K. M. (1986). An experiment in computer-assisted second language reading. Modern Language Journal, 70 (1), 36-41.

Pederson, K. M. (1987). Research on CALL. In W. F. Smith (ed.), Modern media in foreign language education: Theory and implementation (pp. 99-131). Lincolnwood IL: National Textbook Company.

Pederson, Kathleen Marshall. Research on CALL. In William Flint Smith (ed). 1987. Modern Media in Foreign Language Education.

Pelton, Gordon E. 1993. Voice Processing. McGraw-Hill, New York, NY.

Pennington, M. C. (1986). A discussion of Robinson. In C. Doughty and J. Fought (eds.), Second language teaching and educational technology: A state of the art symposium (pp. 56-59). Proceedings of a conference held at the Defense Language Institute. Monterey, CA, February 1986. University of Pennsylvania and Defense Intelligence Agency.

Pennington, M. C. (1989a). Applications of computers in the development of speaking and listening proficiency. In M. C. Pennington (ed.), Teaching languages with computers: The state of the art (pp. 97-121). La Jolla, CA: Athelstan.

Pennington, M. C. (1989b). Teaching pronunciation from the top down. RELC Journal, 20(1), 20-38.

Pennington, M. C. (1991a). A qualitative artifact analysis of the attributes of word processing for student writers. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 4, 93-105.

Pennington, M. C. (1991b). Computer-assisted analysis of prosody: Applications to research in English dialects and interlanguage. In P. Dunkel (ed.), Computer-assisted language learning and testing: Research issues and practice (pp. 133-154). New York: Newbury House/HarperCollins.

Pennington, M. C. (1991c). Positive and negative potentials of word processing for ESL writers. System, 19(3), 267-275.

Pennington, M. C. (1991d). The road ahead: A forward-looking view of computers in applied linguistics. Computer-Assisted Language Learning, 4(1), 3-19.

Pennington, M. C. (1992a). Beyond off-the-shelf computer remedies for student writers: Alternatives to canned feedback. System, 20(4), 423-437.

Pennington, M. C. (1992b). Discourse factors related to L2 phonological proficiency: An exploratory study. In J. Leather and A. James (eds.), New Sounds 92, Proceedings of the 1992 Amsterdam Symposium on the Acquisition of Second-language Speech (pp. 137-155). University of Amsterdam, April 13-16, 1992.

Pennington, M. C. (1993a). Computer-assisted writing on a principled basis: The case against computer-assisted text analysis for non-proficient writers. Language and Education, 7(1), 43-59.

Pennington, M. C. (1993b). A critical examination of word processing effects in relation to L2 writers. Journal of Second Language Writing, 2, 227-255.

Pennington, M. C. (in press, a). The computer and the non-native writer: A natural partnership. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.

Pennington, M. C. (in press, b). Language learning: An introduction. London: Edward Arnold.

Pennington, M. C. (in press, c). Phonology in English language teaching: An international approach. London: Longman.

Pennington, M. C. (in press, d). Phonology in language teaching: Essentials of theory and practice. In K. Bardovi-Harlig and B. S. Hartford (eds.), Beyond methods: Companion components in language teacher education. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Pennington, M. C., and Brock, M. N. (1992). Process and product approaches to computer-assisted composition. In M. C. Pennington and V. V. Stevens (eds.), Computers in applied linguistics: An international perspective (pp. 79-109). Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.

Pennington, M. C., and Ellis, N. C. (1995). Learnability of English prosody. Earmarked Research Grant, Hong Kong Research Grants Council.

Pennington, M. C., and Singer, S. (forthcoming). Into the future: Expanding frontiers of the computer in society. Unpublished ms.

Pennington, M. C., and Stevens, V. (1992). Introduction: Toward appropriate uses of computers in applied linguistics. In M. C. Pennington and V. Stevens (eds.), Computers in applied linguistics: An international perspective (pp. 1-8). Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.

Pennington, Martha C. 1992. Beyond Off-the-Shelf Computer Remedies for Student Writers: Alternatives to Canned Feedback. System v20 n4 p423-37 Nov.

Pennington, Martha C. 1993. A Critical Examination of Word Processing Effects in Relation to L2 Writers. Journal of Second Language Writing, v2 n3 p227-255 Sept.

Pennington, Martha C. 1993. Computer-Assisted Writing on a Principled Basis: The Case against Computer-Assisted Text Analysis for Non-Proficient Writers. Kowloon Language and Education, v7 n1 p43-59.

Pennington, Martha C. 1993. Exploring the Potential of Word Processing for Non-Native Writers. Computers and the Humanities, v27 n3 p149-163.

Pennington, Martha C. ; Brock, Mark N. 1992. Process and product approaches to computer-assisted composition. In Pennington, Martha C. ; Stevens, Vance. (eds) Computers in Applied Linguistics. Multilingual Matters: Avon, England.

Pennington, Martha C. ; Stevens, Vance. 1992. Introduction: Toward appropriate uses of computers in applied linguistics. In Pennington, Martha C. ; Stevens, Vance. (eds) Computers in Applied Linguistics. Multilingual Matters: Avon, England.

Pennington, Martha C. Teaching Language with Computers: The State of the Art. 1989. La Jolla: Athelstan.

Penso, Rebecca Ann. No More Scribbles and Hieroglyphics: Computer Composition with Beginners and Slow Learners. Computing Teacher v16 n5 p1922 Feb 1989

Peppard, Herb. Language Learning with Laser. Journal of Reading v32 n7 p62833 Apr 1989 Special Issue: New Technologies and Reading.

Pereira, Fernando C. N. and Stuart M. Shieber. Prolog and Natural-Language Analysis. CSLI: Stanford, CA.

Perez, Laura. Professor Higgins at work. C.A.L.L. Digest 4:2, 1988.

Perfetti, C. A. (1983). Reading, vocabulary, and writing: Implications for computer-based instruction. In A. C. Wilkinson, Classroom computers and cognitive science (pp. 145-163). New York: Academic Press.

Perfetti, C. A. (1985). Reading ability. New York: Oxford University Press.

Perfetti, C. A., Goldman, S. R., and Hogaboam, T. W. (1979). Reading skill and the identification of words in discourse context. Memory and Cognition, 7 (4), 273-282.

Perkins, D. (1985). The fingertip effect: How information-processing technology shapes thinking. Educational Researcher, 14(7), 11-17.

Peters, B. F. et al. Online Searching Using Speech as a Man/Machine Interface. Information Processing and Management v25 n4 p391406 1989

Peterson, M. (1990). An evaluation of VOXBOX: A computer-based voice-interactive language learning system for teaching English as a second language. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. United States International University.

Petwords. Unpublished courseware for Macintosh. Designed by T. Cobb. College of Commerce and Economics, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman.

Peyton, Joy Kreeft. Computer Networks for RealTime Written Interaction in the Writing Classroom: An Annotated Bibliography. Computers and Composition v6 n3 p10522 Aug 1989

Peyton, Joy Kreeft. CrossAge Tutoring on a Local Area Computer Network: Moving from Informal Interaction to Formal Academic Writing. Writing Instructor v8 n2 p5767 Win 1989 Themed Issue: Literacy and the Deaf.

Phillips, Gerald M. and Santoro, Gerald M. Teaching Group Discussion via ComputerMediated Communication. Communication Education v38 n2 p15161 Apr 1989

Phillips, M. (1985). Logical possibilities and classroom scenarios for the development of CALL. In C. Brumfit, M. Phillips, and P. Skehan, Computers in English language teaching. New York: Pergamon.

Phillips, Martin. CALL talk project. C.A.L.L. Digest 3:8, 1987.

Phillips, Martin. Potential paradigms and possible problems for CALL. System 15:3, 1987.

Phinney, M. (1989). Computers, composition, and second language teaching. In M. C. Pennington (ed.), Teaching languages with computers: The state of the art (pp. 81-96). La Jolla, CA: Athelstan.

Phinney, M. (1991a). Computer assisted writing and writing apprehension in ESL students. In P. Dunkel (ed.), Research issues and studies on computer assisted language learning and testing (pp. 189-204). New York: Newbury House/HarperCollins.

Phinney, M. (1991b). Word processing and writing apprehension in native and non-native writers. Computers and Composition, 10(1), 65-82.

Phinney, M. (1992). Using electronic mail: Exploring our virtual world. Paper presented at the Mexico-Caribbean-Latin America Joint TESOL conference. Acapulco, Mexico, October 1992.

Phinney, M. (1993a). Building a HyperCard information kiosk: An ESL technical writing project. Paper presented at the 9th annual Computers and Writing Conferenc. Ann Arbor, MI May 1993.

Phinney, M. (1993b). Studying the computer writing process. Paper presented at CALL Academic session, Computers and Writing: From Process to Product, 27th International TESOL meeting, Atlanta, Georgia, April 14-17, 1993.

Phinney, M. (1994). Process your thoughts. Boston, MA: Heinle and Heinle.

Phinney, M. and C. Mathis. Writing and revising with computers in ESL composition. Paper presented at TESOL. Miami, FL. 1987.

Phinney, M. Approaches to computer-assisted writing in ESL composition. Paper presented at the MEXTESOL XIV Conference, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico 1987.

Phinney, M. Computer-based composition and writer's block in ESL students. Paper presented at New Mexico TESOL, Las Cruces, NM. 1988.

Phinney, M., and Khouri, S. (1992). The hypertext research "paper": Students writing for students. Paper presented at the 9th annual Computers and Writing Conference. Indianapolis, May 1992.

Phinney, M., and Khouri, S. (1993). Computers, revision, and ESL writers: The role of experience. Journal of Second Language Writing, 2, 257-277.

Phinney, M., and Mathis, C. (1990). ESL student responses to writing with computers. TESOL Newsletter, 24(2), 30-31.

Phinney, Marianne. Computers, Composition, and Second Language Teaching. In Pennington, Martha C. Teaching Language with Computers. 1989. La Jolla: Athelstan.

Phinney, Marianne. Review of Culturegrams. C.A.L.L. Digest v5 n4 p1012 1989

Phinney, Marianne. Reviews of HBJ Writer and Writer's Helper: Stage II. C.A.L.L. Digest v5 n5 p1112 1989

Pickard, V. (1993). Empowering novice writers: Can concordancers contribute? Paper presented at the 17th Annual Meeting of the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages. Atlanta, April 1993.

Pienemann, Manfred; Jansen, Louise. 1992. Computational analysis of language acquisition data. In Pennington, Martha C. ; Stevens, Vance. (eds) Computers in Applied Linguistics. Multilingual Matters: Avon, England.

Piper, A. (1986). Conversation and the computer: A study of the conversational spin-off generated among learners of English as a foreign language working in groups. System, 14, 187-198.

Piper, A. (1987). Helping learners to write: A role for the word processor. ELT Journal, 41, 119-125.

Piper, Alison. Helping learners to write: A role for the word processor. ELT Journal 41:2, April 1987.

Piper, Judy. Classroom Writing Activities to Support the Curriculum. Writing Notebook v7 n1 p33 SepOct 1989

Piper, Judy. Classroom Writing Activities to Support the Curriculum. Writing Notebook v7 n2 p35 NovDec 1989

Pitre, Barbara Jean. 1993. The Effects of Using Integrated Testing and Skills Software in Reading Instruction for At-Risk Students. Dissertation. U North Texas, Denton.

Polezzi, L. 1993. Concordancing and the Teaching of ab initio Italian Language for Specific Purposes. ReCALL, v9 p14-18 Nov.

Polson, C. (1992). Component processes of second language reading. Concordia University, Montreal. Unpublished Master's thesis.

Pon, Kathy. Process writing in the one-computer classroom. Computing Teacher 15:6, March 1988.

Pontecorvo, Clotilde and Paoletti, Gisella. Computer, scrittura ed abilita metalinguistiche (Computers, Writing, and Metalinguistic Abilities). Rassegna Italiana di Linguistica Applicata v21 n12 p12952 JanAug 1989

Pope, Carol and Karen Kutiper. Instructional materials: Finding the "Story in Each of Us" through instructional media. English Journal 77:3, March 1988.

Porcelli, Gianfranco. Towards Integrative Computer Assisted Language Learning. C.A.L.L. Digest v5 n1 p24 1989

Porec, Carol J. Letter Writing Made Easy. Writing Notebook v7 n2 p38 NovDec 1989

Potter, Rosemary Lee. Using Microcomputers for Teaching Reading in the Middle School. Fastback 296. Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation, Bloomington, Ind. ED312629 47 p.

Prep Editor. Designed by a research team at Carnegie Mellon University. Available through e-mail at:

Price, K. (1992). Look who's talking: A computer-assisted system for discourse analysis. Cross Currents: An International Journal of Language Teaching and Intercultural Communication, 19(1), 73-79.

Price, K., and Imbier, E. (1993). A videodisc project for ESL: "Who should do the housework?" In J. V. Boettcher (ed.), 101 success stories of information technology in higher education: The Joe Wyatt challenge (pp. 214-219). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Price, Karen. An Overview of Computer Applications in the Harvard ESL Programs. C.A.L.L. Digest v5 n7 p14 1989

Prochaska, Nancy. Computer Labs: New Perceptions. Media and Methods v25 n5 p10,1415 MayJun 1989

Pufahl, J. (1984). Response to R. M. Collier, The word processor and revision strategies. College Composition and Communication, 35, 91-93.

Pusack, James P. Problems and prospects in foreign language computing. In William Flint Smith (ed). 1987. Modern Media in Foreign Language Education.

Quinn, Robert. The Video Connection: Integrating Video into Language Teaching. Journal of Educational Techniques and Technologies v22 n2/3 SummerFall 1989

Rabiner, Lawrence; Juang, Biing-Hwang. 1993. Fundamentals Of Speech Recognition. PTR Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Rada, Roy. Writing and Reading Hypertext: An Overview. Journal of the American Society for Information Science v40 n3 p16471 May 1989

Rahtz, Sebastian. (ed). Information Technology in the Humanities: Tools, Techniques, and Applications. 1987. Ellis Horwood: London.

Raimes, A. Language proficiency, writing ability, and composing strategies: A study of ESL college student writers. Language Learning 37, 439468, 1987.

Rao, P. V. S. 1993. VOICE: An Integrated Speech Recognition Synthesis System for the Hindi Language. Speech Communication, v13 n1-2 p197-205 Oct.

Rasmussen, Sonja. Computers in Elementary Reading Instruction. Focused Access to Selected Topics (FAST) Bibliography No. 28. ERIC Clearinghouse on Reading and Communication Skills, Bloomington, IN. ED307573 6 p.

Ray, T. J. and Feldman, Phillip. New Tools for an Old Job. Reading Improvement v26 n2 p18991 Sum 1989

Read, C., Buder, E. H., and Kent, R. D. (1990). Speech analysis systems: A survey. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 33, 363-374.

Read, C., Buder, E. H., and Kent, R. D. (1992). Speech analysis systems: An evaluation. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 35, 314-332.

Realtime Writer. ENFI software. Realtime Learning Systems, Washington, D.C.

Reed, W. Michael. Problem-solving, writing theory and composing process software. Computers in the Schools 4:3/4, Fall/Winter 1987/88.

Reese, L. Grant, J. Nicholls Eastmond Jr., and Richard Sutherland. Integrated use of videodisc for intensive Spanish language learning. CALICO Journal 16:1, 1988.

Reid, J. (1986). Using the writer's workbench in composition teaching and testing. In C. Stansfield (ed.), Technology and language testing (pp. 167-188). Washington, DC: TESOL.

Reid, J., Lindstrom, P., McCaffrey, M., and Larson, D. (1983). Computer-assisted text analysis for ESL students. CALICO Journal, 1(3), 40-42.

Reid, Joy 1992. A Computer Text Analysis of Four Cohesion Devices in English Discourse by Native and Nonnative Writers. Journal of Second Language Writing v1 n2 p79-107 May.

Reid, Joy M. The Writer's Workbench and ESL composition. Computers and Composition 4:3, Aug. 1987.

Reid, Joy M. Using computer text-analysis programs with ESL student writers. C.A.L.L. Digest 3:3, 1987.

Reinking, David. Misconceptions about Reading and Software Development. Computing Teacher v16 n4 p2729 DecJan 198889

Reitsma, Peter. Reading practice for beginners: Effects of guided reading, reading-while-listening, and independent reading with computer-based speech feedback. Reading Research Quarterly 23:2, 1988.

Resource Guide for Persons with Speech or Language Impairments. IBM, Atlanta, GA. National Support Center for Persons with Disabilities. ED315992 89 p.

Rettig, Marc and Madelaine Bates. How to choose natural language software. AI Expert 3:7, July 1988.

Rhubarb. Designed by J. Higgins and M. Higgins. Research Design Associates, Stony Brook, NY.

Richards, J., and Rodgers, T. (1982). Method: Approach, design, and procedure. TESOL Quarterly, 16(2), 153-68.

Richardson, Charles P. and Scinicariello. Television Technology in the Foreign Language Classroom. In Flint Smith, Wm. Modern Technology in Foreign Language Education: Applications and Projects. 1989. Lincolnwood: NTC.

Rickelman, Robert J. and Henk, William A. Meeting Tomorrow's Challenge (Reading Technology). Reading Teacher v43 n1 p7879 Oct 1989

Rickelman, Robert J. and Henk, William A. Reading and Technology: Past Failures and Future Dreams (Reading Technology). Reading Teacher v43 n2 p17475 Nov 1989

Rieber, R. W., and Carton, A.S. (1987). The collected works of L. S. Vygotsky, vol. 1, Problems of general psychology. N. Minick, trans. New York: Plenum Press.

Riel, Margaret. Intercultural learning network. C.A.L.L. Digest 3:5, July 1987.

RiveraLa Scala, Gladys M. The Annapolis Interactive Video Project. In Flint Smith, Wm. Modern Technology in Foreign Language Education: Applications and Projects. 1989. Lincolnwood: NTC.

Robin, Richard M. and Leaver, BettyLou. Development of Listening Proficiency in Russian. Foreign Language Annals v22 n6 p57384 Dec 1989

Robinson, G. (1986). Focus on the learner. University of Hawaii Working Papers in ESL, 5, 61-86.

Robinson, Gail L. The CLCCS CALL Study: Methods, Error Feedback, Attitudes, and Achievement. In Flint Smith, Wm. Modern Technology in Foreign Language Education: Applications and Projects. 1989. Lincolnwood: NTC.

Roblyer, M. D. The Impact of MicrocomputerBased Instruction on Teaching and Learning: A Review of Recent Research. ERIC Digest. ERIC Clearinghouse on Information Resources, Syracuse, N.Y. ED315063 4 p.

Roblyer, M., Castine, W., and King, F. (1988). Assessing the impact of computer-based instruction: A review of recent research. Binghampton, NY: Haworth Press.

Rochet, B. (1990). Training non-native speech contrasts on the Macintosh. In M.-L. Craven, R. Sinyor, and D. Paramskas (eds.), CALL: Papers and reports (pp. 119-126). La Jolla, CA: Athelstan.

Rodrigues, D., and Rodrigues, R. (1989). How word processing is changing our teaching: New approaches, new challenges. Computers and Composition, 7(1), 13-25.

Rodrigues, Dawn and Rodrigues, Raymond. How Word Processing Is Changing Our Teaching: New Technologies, New Approaches, New Challenges. Computers and Composition v7 n1 p1325 Nov 1989

Romski, Mary Ann et al. Establishment of symbolic communication with persons with severe retardation. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders 53:1, Feb. 1988.

Ross, Steven M. et al. An Apple a Day and at Night: A Distance Tutoring Program for AtRisk Students. Educational Technology v29 n8 p2328 Aug 1989

Royer, James M. et al. Assessment of OnLine Comprehension of ComputerPresented Text. Journal of Educational Research v82 n6 p34855 JulAug 1989

Rubin, A., and Bruce, B. C. (1990). Alternate realizations of purpose in computer-supported writing. Theory Into Practice, 29 (4), 256-263.

Rubin, Bella. CALL In Israel. C.A.L.L. Digest v5 n1 p46 1989

Rubin, Joan. LLD: The Language Learning Disc. In Flint Smith, Wm. Modern Technology in Foreign Language Education: Applications and Projects. 1989. Lincolnwood: NTC.

Rubinstein, Adrienne; Cherry, Rochelle; Small, Sharon. 1993. Effect of Interactive Video versus Noninteractive Video Training on Speech Recognition by Hearing-Impaired Adults. The Volta Review, v95 n2 p135-141 Spring.

Ruplin, Ferdinand and John Russell. On generating a German lexicon. CALICO Journal 5:4, June 1988.

Russell, Rebecca Gaye. 1993. The Effects of Voice Synthesized Word Processing on Third-Grade Students' Quality of Writing. Dissertation. U Houston.

Russell, Susan Jo et al. Beyond Drill and Practice: Expanding the Computer Mainstream. Council for Exceptional Children, Reston, Va. ED315925 130 p.

Ruus, Hanne. Lexical data structures. Literary and Linguistic Computing 3:3, 1988.

Ryan, Frank. Developing a reader's workbench. C.A.L.L. Digest 4:1, 1988.

Sacco, Margaret T. The reading/writing/media connection. ALAN Review 15:3, Spring 1988.

Saint-Lèon, Claire. The case for authentic materials in videodisc. CALICO Journal 6:2, 1988.

Salomon, G. (1979). Interaction of media, cognition, and learning. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Salomon, Gavriel et al. The Computer as a Zone of Proximal Development: Internalizing ReadingRelated Metacognitions from a Reading Partner. Journal of Educational Psychology v81 n4 p62027 Dec 1989

Sampson, Geoffrey. 1993. The Need for Grammatical Stocktaking. School Cognitive & Computing Sciences. Literary & Linguistic Computing, v8 n4 p267-273.

Sanders, A. Designing and implementing a syntactic parser. CALICO Journal 5:1, Spring 1987.

Sanders, Alton F. and Sanders, Ruth H. Syntactic Parsing: A Survey. Computers and the Humanities v23 n1 p1330 Jan 1989

Sandery, Peter L. Cutting the Cords that Constrain. Journal of Reading v32 n7 p62027 Apr 1989 Special Issue: New Technologies and Reading.

Sarracho, O. (1982). The effects of a computer-assisted instruction program on basic skills achievement and attitudes toward instruction of Spanish-speaking migrant children. American Education Research Journal, 19, 201-219.

Sayers, Denis and Kristin Brown. Bilingual education, second language learning and telecommunication: A perfect fit. C.A.L.L. Digest 3:5, July 1987.

Sayers, Denis. We are no longer alone. C.A.L.L. Digest 4:7, Oct. 1988.

Scali, Nancy. Making a MemoryA Patchwork Writing/Art Activity for Young Children. Writing Notebook v7 n2 p3637 NovDec 1989

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